The Yaoundé School of Citizenship and Politics known by its French acronym; ECPY recently opened its 7th regional session in Yaoundé that ran from the 03 th – 04th October 2017 at the National School of International Relations in Cameroon. This grandiose event took place under the patronage of the Minister of Youth and Civil Education in the person of Mounouna Foutsou. The opening ceremony which took place under the theme “Find Else Where at Home; Local development and Migratory flows” opened a platform for presentations to be made by various experts especially on challenges inclined on migration.
“The main objective of this session is to come out with a practical solution to a very serious problem. For the last 20 or 30 years young people especially from Africa have been dying on the seas especially the Mediterranean Sea. It is important for us to not just observe as spectators but to act in order to end that carnage. And we need therefore to sit down, reflect on the causes and approach the subject not only in theoretically bases but on practical bases. Something needs to be done by the public authority and also by individuals at each and every single level and I think the idea here is a multiperspective approach in order to solve the problem in a practical manner and not in a theoretical approach” said the Professor Jean Emmanuel PONDI; the Scientific Coordinator of the Yaoundé School of Citizenship and Politics.
It should be noted that the United Nations Refugee Agency registered as many as 5000 people in a year that died in the Mediterranean Sea struggling look for greener pastures in Europe by taking illegal tracks which are affordable at their level though life threatening. However following the statistics projected by one of the experts who did an exposés at the opening ceremony, the age limit of those who take this risk of seeking greener pastures in Europe through the seas ranges from 20 to 30 years old as majority.
As countries continue to make life unbearable to their civilians by an indiscriminate distribution of public resources and also the inability of many countries to secure its citizens especially those in areas where the extremists find their safe heavens, illegal migration still continue to weigh the scale.
“Overview of irregular migratory flow in Cameroon and Africa” was a presentation made by a senior consultant on migration; Madam Amely James KOH BELLA, “Political issues and legal challenges of illegal immigration in Cameroon” was another rich presentation done by Professor Leopold DONFACK SONKENG of the university and the last presentation came from Professor Bouramah Ali Harouna , the Secretary General of the Francophonie Conference of Ministers of Youth Affairs and Sports known by its French acronym; CONFEJES. His presentation was inclined on “CONFEJES and migration in African athletes in Europe” with a focus on pulling factors that attract poor athletes to take illegal means of flying abroad.
“Sub-Saharan migratory movement to the West is not a new phenomenon. Indeed, during the colonial period, sub-Saharan illegal immigrants were already embarking in the ports, hiding in the holds of the boats and then disembarking in the large western port cities in search of employment. Today, the magnitude of the migratory crisis and its dramatic consequences on individuals, families and states make it the predominant concern of the various parties involved in the regulation of this phenomenon: states, civil society organizations and international bodies” said the minister of Youth nd Civic Education; Mounouna Foutsou while admitting that the risk to seek to go under such difficult paths is just to ensure that they realize their dreams in life.
As discussions take to the panel and sessions of such capacities multiply in time, no one will argue that government practical efforts and even distribution of opportunities has a lot to do in stepping down illegal migration. This is because people need comfort but in most cases bad governance in many countries nowadays serves the masses with discomfort spiced with poverty and unemployment.